Data ownership


  • HATDeX - “Using dataplugs, pull your own data from Facebook, Google, Apple into your HAT,” “trade your data for personalized offers”
  • Solid - “aims to radically change the way Web applications work today, resulting in true data ownership as well as improved privacy”
  • Ubiquitous Commons - “an international research effort dedicated to understanding the transformation of data, information and knowledge in the age of ubiquitous technologies”


  • Bernasek, Anna and D. T. Mongan. All You Can Pay: How Companies Use Our Data to Empty Our Wallets (Nation Books, 2015)
  • Couldry, Nick. “The Price of Connection: 'Surveillance Capitalism'.” The Conversation. September 22, 2016.
  • Data ownership articles.” Brown University website on research ethics.
  • Evans, Barbara J. “Much Ado about Data Ownership.” Harvard Journal of Law & Technology 25, no. 1 (fall 2011).
  • Koponen, Jarno M. “We Need Algorithmic Angels.” TechCrunch. April 19, 2015.
  • O'Neil, Cathy. Weapons of Math Destruction: How big data increases inequality and threatens democracy. Crown Random House, 2016.
  • Pasquale, Frank. The Black Box Society. Harvard University Press.
  • Turow, Joseph et al. The Tradeoff Fallacy: How Marketers Are Misrepresenting American Consumers and Opening Them up to Exploitation. Report from the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. June 2015. * Van Alstyne, Marshall, Erik Brynjolfsson, and Stuart Madnick. “Why not one big database? Principles for data ownership.” _Decision Support Systems 15, no. 4 (December 1995)
  • Zingales, Luigi and Guy Rolnik. “A Way to Own Your Social Media Data.” The New York Times. June 30, 2017.
    • “For a 21st-century problem, we suggest a 21st-century solution: a reallocation of property rights via legislation to provide more incentives to compete. In fact, the idea is not new. Patent law, for example, attributes the right to an invention to the company a scientist works for, to motivate companies to invest in research and development. Similarly, in the mobile industry, most countries have established that a cellphone number belongs to a customer, not the mobile phone provider. This redefinition of property rights (in jargon called “number portability”) makes it easier to switch carriers, fostering competition by other carriers and reducing prices for consumers. / The same is possible in the social network space. It is sufficient to reassign to each customer the ownership of all the digital connections that she creates — what is known as a “social graph.” If we owned our own social graph, we could sign into a Facebook competitor — call it MyBook — and, through that network, instantly reroute all our Facebook friends’ messages to MyBook, as we reroute a phone call.”

Intellectual property




Open Science

    • “the world’s first hackerspace for biotech, located in Silicon Valley”
    • “Crowdcrafting is a web-based service that invites volunteers to contribute to scientific projects developed by citizens, professionals or institutions that need help to solve problems, analyze data or complete challenging tasks that can’t be done by machines alone, but require human intelligence. The platform is 100% open source – that is its software is developed and distributed freely – and 100% open-science, making scientific research accessible to everyone.”
  • Counter Culture Labs - in the Oakland OmniCommons