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- Broadband Land at Motherboard
- Keobler, Jason. To Save Net Neutrality, We Must Build Our Own Internet.“ Motherboard. November 21, 2017.
- Network Startup Resource Center - “We facilitate the growth of sustainable Internet infrastructure via technical training and engineering assistance to enrich the network of networks”
- Huter, Steven. ”How the Network Startup Resource Center helps bring Internet access to communities around the world.“ People-Centered Internet. January 22, 2018.
Community and municipal ISP examples
- Rogers, Kaeleigh. ”Ignored By Big Telecom, Detroit's Marginalized Communities Are Building Their Own Internet.“ Motherboard. November 16, 2017.
- Longmont, CO's NextLight
- Jilani, Zaid. ”Killing Net Neutrality Has Brought On a New Call for Public Broadband.“ The Intercept. December 15, 2017.
Cooperative ISPs and telecom
- Adams Telephone Cooperative - telephone and Internet access in Illinois and Missouri
- Alliance Communications - “Alliance Communications provides Internet, cable TV and telephone services to portions of South Dakota, Minnesota and Iowa”; “Alliance Communications is a cooperative, which means we operate under unique principles”
- The Co-operative Phone and Broadband - “an independent consumer co-operative based in Chipping Norton and Manchester,” UK
- CoopTel - telecom provider in Quebec
- Greenbelt Internet Access Cooperative - “a non-stock Maryland cooperative organized and operated by community volunteers to help others learn about and access the Internet”
- Kit Carson Electric Cooperative - New Mexico rural electric cooperative that provides fiber and other broadband service
- Koperasi Digital Indonesia Mandiri (KDIM), an Indonesian telecom co-op that offers its own locally built smartphone
- Hermansyah, Anton. ”Indonesia's cooperative kicks off smart phone production.“ The Jakarta Post. January 21, 2017.
- Coca, Nithin. ”How a Cooperative in Indonesia is Bridging the Digital Divide.“ Shareable. May 4, 2017.
- LARIAT - “LARIAT.NET is a local Internet service provider based in Laramie, Wyoming. Founded in 1992 as a community network and relaunched as a private ISP in 2003, we were the world's first wireless broadband provider and have more than 20 years of wireless Internet experience”
- Magnolia Road Internet Cooperative - serving the foothills west of Boulder, CO
- Michigan Broadband Cooperative - “a grassroots initiative to advance broadband in rural Michigan”
- MINET - “MINET is a local telecommunication network delivering high-speed Internet access, digital (HD) television and telephone to Monmouth and Independence, Oregon. MINET is a public utility, guided cooperatively by a consortium comprised of the City of Monmouth and the City of Independence.”
- No ISP Cooperative Limited - “A not for profit cooperative providing members high speed Internet access at cost in Australia”
- Nushagak Electric & Telephone Cooperative - “a member owned and operated Cooperative that provides electric, telephone, cable TV and internet services” in Alaska
- RS Fiber - cooperative broadband in Minnesota
- DeJarnette, Ben. ”Tired of Waiting for Corporate High-Speed Internet, Minnesota Farm Towns Build Their Own.“ YES! Magazine. August 3, 2016.
- South Slope Cooperative Communications - “For more than 50 years, South Slope has served local eastern Iowa communities as a telephone cooperative with the goal to keep rural Iowa connected”
- Southern Connected Communities Network - effort through the Highlander Center to develop a broadband cooperative, funded by Mozilla and NSF.
- Marion, Steve. ”‘Patchwork quilt’ could cover internet gaps.“ The Standard Banner. March 1, 2018.
- SudoMesh - “an all-volunteer organization building the People's Open Network, a community-owned and operated non-profit internet infrastructure in Oakland”
- Wiatel - “Wiatel has been providing telecommunications services to our owner/members since 1949” in western Iowa
- hannah. ”Another Coop Story: Wiatel Wires Western Iowa.“ community broadband networks. December 22, 2015.
- “Earlier this year President Obama visited Cedar Falls to praise its municipal network and to support other efforts to improve rural high-speed Internet access. One of those efforts is Wiatel. This small telecommunications coop is beginning a $25 million project to upgrade its network from copper to fiber throughout its entire service area.”
- Wireless Nomad - “was a for-profit cooperative based in Toronto, Canada providing subscriber-owned home and business Internet access along with free Wi-Fi wireless Internet access and music to nearly a hundred nodes, making it one of the largest free Wi-Fi networks in the country at the time”
- Anderson, Nate. ”Sticking it to l’homme: Canadian co-op forms own ISP.“ Ars Technica. October 10, 2007.
- Zenzeleni.net - cooperative telecom in South Africa
- Tucker, Bill. ”How a rural community built South Africa’s first ISP owned and run by a cooperative.“ The Conversation. November 28, 2017.
- Brodkin, Jon. ”Where big ISPs won’t invest, customer-owned ISPs are deploying fiber.“ Ars Technica. July 20, 2015.
- “La Valle Telephone Cooperative in La Valle, Wisconsin, a town of about 1,300 residents, is getting a $7.61 million loan [from the Department of Agriculture] to expand its fiber network”
- Discusses several legacy rural telephone cooperatives that are getting federal money to expand broadband access
- chisholm, matt. ”Cooperative Internet Service Providers.“ University of California at Santa Cruz class project. June 6, 1996.
- Goldstein, Jordan. ”Where are the Internet Cooperatives?.“ Adventures of a Young Programmer. August 16, 2011.
- Engel, KeriLynn. ”How to Start Your Own ISP.“ WhoIsHosingThis? March 9, 2015.
- Kang, Cecilia. ”How to Give Rural America Broadband? Look to the Early 1900s.“ The New York Times. August 7, 2016.
- Liu, Ying, Shenglin Zhang, and Hongying Liu. ”An Improved Cooperative Model of P2P and ISP.“ Second CCF Internet Conference of China, ICoC 2013, Zhangjiajie, China. July 10, 2013.
- Marcus, Matthew. ”FCC Set to Waste Billions on the Wrong Rural Broadband Providers.“ The Daily Yonder. March 20, 2018.
- Romm, Tony. ”Wired to fail.“ Politico. July 28, 2015.
- “How a little known agency mishandled several billion dollars of stimulus money trying to expand broadband coverage to rural communities”
- Polis, Jared and Karn Stiegelmeier. ”Overcoming rural Colorado’s broadband hurdles.“ Summit Daily. November 7, 2017.
- Rogers, Kaleigh. ”Rural Broadband-Boosting Bills Would Enshrine Towns' Rights to Build Their Own Internet.“ Motherboard. January 19, 2018.
Tools and technologists
- Althea - blockchain-based “system of software that will let communities set up decentralized ISPs”, aimed at wireless ISP providers
- goTenna - “The first consumer-friendly device for a reliable off-grid peer-to-peer communication network” (Vice)
- National Rural Telecommunications Cooperative - “delivers a suite of services designed to make your ISP better. Our TrueBand line of services delivers true solutions for rural broadband”
- OpenWISP - “a software platform that can be used to implement a complete Wi-Fi service”; “OpenWISP is a free and open source project”
- Rhizomatica - Peter Bloom, “to increase access to mobile telecommunications to the over 2 billion people without affordable coverage and the 700 million with none at all”
- Indigenous Communities Telecommunications in southern Mexico
- Lakhani, Nina. ”'It feels like a gift': mobile phone co-op transforms rural Mexican community.“ The Guardian. August 15, 2016.
- Sopranica - “a collection of projects that generalize phone numbers so they're easier to use from computers, tablets, and any other device”
- Oberhaus, Daniel. ”This Interview Was Conducted on an Anonymous, DIY Cell Phone Network.“ Motherboard. December 1, 2017.
- Bezdomny. ”Sarantaporo Residents Create Commons in Rural Greece Through a DIY Wireless Mesh Network.“ Shareable. January 3, 2016.
- Chaffee, David and Mitchell Shapiro. Municipal & Utility Guidebook to Bringing Broadband Fiber Optics to Your Community. Public Technology Institute, 2008.
- De Filippi, Primavera and Félix Tréguer. ”Expanding the Internet Commons: The Subversive Potential of Wireless Community Networks.“ Journal of Peer Production 6 (January 2015).
- Greenmeier, Larry. ”Net Neutrality Loss Could Rekindle ISP Alternatives for Internet Access.“ Scientific American. January 8, 2018.
- Holmberg, Molly O. That good country air: The emergence of rural community wireless networks in the United States. University of Colorado master's thesis. 2007.
- Schoechle, Timothy. Re-inventing Wires: The Future of Landlines and Networks. National Institute for Science, Law & Public Policy, 2018.
- Staltz, André, ”A plan to rescue the Web from the Internet.“ December 18, 2017.
- A proposal for a mobile mesh web
- Talbot, David, Kira Hessekiel, and Danielle Kehl. Community-Owned Fiber Networks: Value Leaders in America. Berkman Klein Center at Harvard University, 2018.
Federated social media
- Barabas, Chelsea, Neha Narula, and Ethan Zuckerman. ”Decentralized Social Networks Sound Great. Too Bad They’ll Never Work.“ Wired. September 8, 2017.
Various networking projects
- Metamaps - “a free and open source web platform that supports real-time sense-making and distributed collaboration between individuals, communities and organizations”
- Mutual Aid Network - “distilling 20 years of learning and experimentation into an easy-to-digest online learning series. We can help you know everything you need to know to redesign your own work life and build a more equitable, sustainable and ENJOYABLE economy”
- P2PValue - “Techno-social platform for sustainable models and value generation in commons-based peer production in the Future Internet”
- Radical Networks - “a conference that celebrates the free and open Internet”
- Benkler, Yochai. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.
- Uses the term “commons-based peer production”
- Nelson, Ted. Computer Lib/Dream Machines. 1974.