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   * Knapp, Michael. "​[Rojava – the formation of an economic alternative:​ Private property in the service of all](http://​kurdishquestion.com/​oldsite/​index.php/​kurdistan/​west-kurdistan/​rojava-the-formation-of-an-economic-alternative.html)."​ _Kurdish Question_. February 7, 2016.   * Knapp, Michael. "​[Rojava – the formation of an economic alternative:​ Private property in the service of all](http://​kurdishquestion.com/​oldsite/​index.php/​kurdistan/​west-kurdistan/​rojava-the-formation-of-an-economic-alternative.html)."​ _Kurdish Question_. February 7, 2016.
   * Knapp, Michael, Anja Flach, and Ercan Ayboga (trans. Janet Biehl). "​{{:​source:​biehl-social_economy.docx|The Social Economy}}."​ In _Revolution in Rojava_. Pluto Press, 2016.   * Knapp, Michael, Anja Flach, and Ercan Ayboga (trans. Janet Biehl). "​{{:​source:​biehl-social_economy.docx|The Social Economy}}."​ In _Revolution in Rojava_. Pluto Press, 2016.
-  ​"[Personal Account of Rojava](http://rojavaplan.com/join-3-2-personal-account.html)." Rojava ​Plan+    ​* [The finished book](http://www.press.uchicago.edu/ucp/​books/​book/​distributed/​R/​bo25051714.html) 
-    * Focused on solidarity ​economy+    * "Under the Ba’ath regime, Rojava was one of Syria’s poorest regions, exploited quasi-colonially."​—"​In pre-war Syria, all goods produced in Rojava were shipped outside the region for processing."​ 
 +    * Liberation marked in July 2012. Councils began struggling to meet basic needs and implement price controls. 
 +    * "Soon after the 2012 liberation, Turkey closed all its border crossings to trade"​ 
 +    * "​Because of the Syrian state’s treatment of Rojava, nothing like a modern capitalist economy developed here, and capitalism entrenched itself less in the people’s mentality than elsewhere."​ 
 +    * "The idea of about extending democracy to economic life originated in discussions in TEV-DEM and other parts of the democratic self-government,It would be called the social economy." 
 +    * "About 80 percent of the land in Rojava ​had been nationalized under the Syrian regimeAfter the revolution, this formerly state-owned land was socialized: that is, it was transferred to the communes. “When the regime fled,” Dozdar Hemo told us in Dêrîk, “we transferred the state-owned land—which actually belongs to the society, to the people.” The communes in turn initiated the creation of the social economy by distributing it for agriculture cooperatives,​ especially “for the poor and for families of martyrs,” as Hemo told us." 
 +    * "The first cooperatives were rolled out in 2013. In Cizîrê, cooperatives planted 50,000 fruit trees in 2015 and attempts are being made to diversify agriculture by ecological criteria and to change the wheat monoculture. In Serê Kaniyê, 25,000 dunums of land have been distributed to cooperatives so far. More land will be available when it is cleared of mines."​ 
 +    * "​Cooperatives have been formed for bread-baking,​ textile production, sewing and alterations,​ cheese-making and other dairy production, growing peanuts and lentils, and selling cleaning materials."​ 
 +    * "​Rojava has set a goal of extending cooperatives to as many sectors of the economy ​as possible and of making them, in the near future, the dominant economic form."​ 
 +    * "​Models like the kolkhoz collective farms, or Mondragon, are rejected, just like the capitalist and statist planned ways of economic production. These models are criticized in Rojava as centralist. In Democratic Autonomy, communal control of the economy is the answer—control by the communes, upon which the MGRK council system rests."​ 
 +    * "​Cooperatives must be connected to the council system; they are forbidden by law to become independent enterprises outside democratic control."​ 
 +    * "In Rojava’s social economy, needs are determined not by state or capital but by the communes. Of course, one commune alone is not in a position to cover its own needs, so communes must network through the their economics commissions"​ 
 +    * "​According to the Social Contract, staple foodstuffs and natural resources belong to the people, so their price is kept as low as possible."​ 
 +    * "Even as the US-led coalition supports the YPG/YPJ in its fight against IS, the economic embargo against Rojava remains in place. Almost no humanitarian aid reaches Rojava. The troops of Rojava may be used to counter IS, it seems, but their social and political model is to be starved to death."​
   * Peterson, Matt and Joen Vedel. "​[Autonomy in Kurdistan](http://​thenewinquiry.com/​features/​autonomy-in-kurdistan/​)."​ _The New Inquiry_. February 6, 2015.   * Peterson, Matt and Joen Vedel. "​[Autonomy in Kurdistan](http://​thenewinquiry.com/​features/​autonomy-in-kurdistan/​)."​ _The New Inquiry_. February 6, 2015.
   * "[The '​Rojava Revolution':​ A Reading Guide](https://​libcom.org/​library/​rojava-revolution-reading-guide)."​ Libcom.org. January 1, 2015.   * "[The '​Rojava Revolution':​ A Reading Guide](https://​libcom.org/​library/​rojava-revolution-reading-guide)."​ Libcom.org. January 1, 2015.